Friday, May 7, 2010

Profiteroles with Vanilla and Mocha Pastry Cream

Profiteroles with pastry cream, a.k.a. "cream puffs", are a classic treat. I remember having "cream puffs" a long time ago. However, the only "cream puffs" I've had came from the frozen food section of Costco. While it was a great treat on a hot summer day, I asked myself, "Is this really what a "cream puff" is? Is this what it's suppose to taste like?". On a mission to discover what was better, I decided to make "cream puffs" of my own. However, there are many "cream puff" recipes out there. So, which one do I choose? Do I choose one that's simple or hard to make? Do I choose one where I like the end picture? Well, after searching, I ended up with this recipe from another blog called "Annie's Eats". I decided on this recipe because compared to other recipes, these not only looked good, but they seemed more flavorful than the other recipes that I have seen. The process to make these is actually time consuming. From making the pastry cream, to making the dough, baking up the dough, filling them up and dipping them in chocolate, it took a long time. However, these cream puffs were DELICIOUS and worth the effort!!! So much better than the store bought ones. The dough was slightly sweet, the vanilla pastry cream tasted similar to vanilla ice cream and the mocha pastry cream tasted similar to coffee ice cream. With all of that, topped with powdered sugar for the mocha filled ones and chocolate topped for the vanilla filled ones, how can you go wrong? Definitely use this recipe to impress others! In addition, I did tweak the pastry cream recipe so that it was easier to make and more flavorful than what the recipe has. That will be my secret :) For the mocha pastry cream, I simply added chocolate and espresso powder. Here's the untweaked recipe.

Cream Puffs
For the pastry cream:
2 cups half-and-half
½ cup sugar
Pinch salt
5 large egg yolks
3 tbsp. cornstarch
4 tbsp. cold unsalted butter, cut into 4 pieces
1½ tsp. vanilla extract
For the pâte à choux:
2 large eggs plus 1 large egg white
5 tbsp. unsalted butter, cut into 10 pieces
2 tbsp. whole milk
6 tbsp. water
1½ tsp. sugar
¼ tsp. salt
½ cup (2½ oz.) all-purpose flour
For the chocolate glaze:
3 tbsp. half-and-half
2 oz. semisweet or bittersweet chocolate, finely chopped
1 cup (4 oz.) confectioners’ sugar, sifted

To make the pastry cream, heat the half-and-half, 6 tablespoons of the sugar, and the salt in a saucepan over medium-high heat until simmering, stirring occasionally to dissolve the sugar. Meanwhile, combine the egg yolks and remaining 2 tablespoons sugar in a medium bowl and whisk until the sugar has begun to dissolve and the mixture is creamy, about 15 seconds. Whisk in the cornstarch until combined and the mixture is pale yellow and thick, about 30 seconds.
When the half-and-half mixture has reached a simmer, slowly add it to the egg yolk mixture to temper, whisking constantly. Return the mixture to the saucepan, scraping the bowl with a rubber spatula. Return the mixture to a simmer over medium heat, whisking constantly, until a few bubbles burst on the surface and the mixture is thickened and glossy, about 30 seconds. Off the heat, whisk in the butter and vanilla. Strain the pastry cream through a fine mesh sieve set over a medium bowl. Press plastic wrap directly on the surface to prevent a skin from forming and refrigerate until cold and set, at least 3 hours and up to 2 days.

To make the pâte à choux, whisk the eggs and egg white in a liquid measuring cup. You should have ½ cup (discard the excess). Set aside. Combine the butter, milk, water, sugar and salt in a small saucepan. Heat over medium heat and bring to a boil, stirring once or twice. When it reaches a full boil and the butter is fully melted, remove from the heat and stir in the flour until incorporated and the mixture clears the sides of the pan. Return the saucepan to low heat and cook, stirring constantly, using a smearing motion, until the mixture is slightly shiny, looks like wet sand and tiny beads of fat appear on the bottom of the pan (the mixture should register 175-180˚ F on an instant-read thermometer.

Immediately transfer the mixture to a food processor and process with the feed tube open to cool slightly, 10 seconds. With the machine running, gradually add the reserved eggs in a steady stream. When they have been added, scrape down the sides of the bowl, then process 30 seconds more until a smooth, thick, sticky paste forms.

Place an oven rack in the middle position and preheat the oven to 425˚ F. Line a baking sheet with parchment paper. Fill a pastry bag fitted with a ½-inch plain tip with the pâte à choux. Pipe the paste into 1½-inch mounds on the prepared baking sheet, spacing them about 1 to 1¼ inches apart (you should be able to fit 24 mounds on the baking sheet). Use the back of a teaspoon dipped in water to even out the shape and smooth the surface of the piped mounds.

Bake for 15 minutes (do not open the oven door during baking). Reduce the oven temperature to 375˚ F and continue to bake until golden brown and fairly firm, 8-10 minutes longer. Remove the baking sheet from the oven. Use a paring knife, cut a ¾-inch slit into the side of each puff to release steam; return the puffs to the oven, turn the oven off, and prop open the oven door with the handle of a wooden spoon. Dry the puffs in the turned-off oven until the centers are just moist (not wet) and the puffs are crisp, about 45 minutes. Use a sharp paring knife to poke a hole through the bottom or side to check the interior. Transfer the puffs to a wire rack to cool completely. (At this point the puffs can be stored at room temperature for up to 24 hours or frozen for up to 1 month in an airtight plastic bag. Before serving, crisp in the oven at 300˚ F – 5-8 minutes for room temperature puffs, 8-10 minutes for frozen puffs.)

To fill the puffs, use the tip of a paring knife to make a small cut perpendicular to the first, creating an X in the side of each puff. Fill a pastry bag fitted with a ¼-inch plain tip with the pastry cream. Pipe some of the pastry cream through the X into the side of each puff until it starts to ooze back out. Repeat to fill all the puffs.

To make the glaze, place the half-and-half and chocolate in a medium microwave-safe bowl, cover with plastic wrap, and microwave for 20 seconds at a time, until the mixture just begins to steam. Whisk together thoroughly, add the confectioners’ sugar, and whisk until completely smooth. Dip the tops of the filled cream puffs in the chocolate glaze and transfer to a wire rack until the glaze has set completely. Serve within several hours.

Profiteroles on Foodista
-Aaron John
My Food Outings: AJ's Food Adventure
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  1. Your cream puffs turned out beautifully! I'm not a fan of pate a choux pastry, but I'm a sucker for the filling.

  2. Thanks so much!! The filling was def. the best part. I even froze these cream puffs and they were really good. The pastry cream literally became ice cream! Ice cream without a ice cream maker? Say Whaaa?! lol

  3. how much egg should you add to the pastry when it is in the food processor as I can't see where you have "reserved eggs" anywhere...or does this relate to the discard egg when measuring the half cup portion?

  4. Whoops, sorry about that. The reserved eggs would be the 1/2 cup of egg that you measured out earlier. :)

  5. WOW Aaron! Your profiteroles look simply amazing! I loove pastry cream, and especially that shiny chocolate glaze on top. Great pictures, thanks for sharing! Oh and good luck on your new job:D

  6. Hi, I was wondering what do you mean to "dry the puffs" in this recipe when you mentioned, "Dry the puffs in the turned-off oven until the centers are just moist (not wet) and the puffs are crisp, about 45 minutes. I want to try this recipe, but I don't get this part. Thank you so much!

    1. Hi! So, what this means is basically when you bake the puffs and take them out, the center is very moist but if you were to not "dry them" they will get very soggy due to all the residual steam inside. Thus, you want to just make a slit in them and put them back into the oven to let them essentially crisp up in the oven, allowing the steam to escape the puff and in a way, let them "cool" slowly in the oven so they remain nice and crisp. Hope I answered your question.


Thanks for taking the time to leave a comment! :)

-Aaron John


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